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National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme
The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) is an umbrella programme for prevention and control of vector borne diseases (VBDs), viz., Malaria, Lymphatic Filariasis, Kala-azar, Dengue, Chikungunya and Japanese Encephalitis (JE).
These diseases pose major public health problems and hamper socio-economic development.
Generally the rural, tribal and urban slum areas are inhabited mostly by people of socio-economic groups who are more prone to develop VBDs and are considered as high risk groups.
Although malaria was once nearly eradicated in India, it returned to the country with a vengeance in the late 1970s.
Today, malaria and other vector-borne diseases are the most widespread cause of death, disability and economic loss in India especially among the poor who have limited access to timely and effective treatment.